“The impact of a sudden, traumatic workplace death for the families of the workers killed is rarely considered beyond the days immediately following the death,” says Associate Professor Lynda Matthews from the Sydney Faculty of Health Sciences.
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“Despite some efforts to support them, families often experience extreme isolation.”
Associate Professor Matthews and colleagues are conducting a world-first study to identify improvements that will help to better manage the consequences for families.
This follows a 2011 pilot study which showed profound long-term suffering for families.
“Our interviews revealed psychological problems such as depression and anxiety, and long-term physical health consequences like obesity, and all of this on top of financial stress,” commented Professor Matthews.
“The impact on the children involved was particularly disturbing, with family tensions widespread and drug and alcohol use and violence common among adolescent children of deceased workers.”
This has prompted a call for an increased focus on how formal protocols respond to families following traumatic work-related death.
Participants in the previous study discussed varying interactions with authorities following the death, with some acknowledging the death in meaningful ways and others responding in ways that families perceived as hurtful.
“One thing that became very clear was that protocols for keeping families informed of developments regarding inquests, investigations and court cases were not effective and require urgent attention,” the Sydney Health Sciences professor said, adding that despite recent attempts at reform, there is little evidence of regulatory processes meeting families’ needs for information or support at any stage of the post-death process.
April 28 is the international day of mourning for workplace death. In Australia, more than 5,000 family members of workers become survivors of traumatic workplace death each year.
Approximately 90 per cent of victims are male. In Canada, approximately four workers die every day, and more than 1,000 die every year because of workplace accidents or from illness caused at the workplace (Canadian Labour Congress).
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