Researchers in the centre tested 23 different types of drink, including soft drinks and sports drinks, and found drinks that contain acidic additives and with low pH levels cause measurable damage to dental enamel, even if the drink is sugar-free.
“Many people are not aware that while reducing your sugar intake does reduce your risk of dental decay, the chemical mix of acids in some foods and drinks can cause the equally damaging condition of dental erosion,” Melbourne Laureate Professor Eric Reynolds, CEO of the Oral Health CRC, said.
“Dental erosion occurs when acid dissolves the hard tissues of the tooth. In its early stages erosion strips away the surface layers of tooth enamel. If it progresses to an advanced stage it can expose the soft pulp inside the tooth.”
Early dental erosion can usually be reversed by oral health professionals with treatments to replace lost minerals. In more advanced cases, the lost surface of a tooth may need a filling or crown.
Studies in the Oral Health CRC measured dental enamel softening and tooth surface loss following exposure to a range of drinks.
- The majority of soft drinks and sports drinks caused softening of dental enamel by 30%–50%.
- Both sugar-containing and sugar-free soft drinks (including flavoured mineral waters) produced measurable loss of the tooth surface, with no significant difference between the two groups of drinks.
- Of 8 sports drinks tested, all but 2 (those with higher calcium content) were found to cause loss of dental enamel.
Professor Reynolds says ‘sugar-free’ labelling does not necessarily mean a product is safe for teeth.
“We have even found sugar-free confectionery products that are labelled ‘Toothfriendly’ and which when tested were found to be erosive.”
Preventing dental erosion:
- Check ingredients for acidic additives, especially citric acid (ingredient number 330) and phosphoric acid (ingredient number 338).
- Drink more water (preferably fluoridated) and limit soft drinks and sports drinks.
- After eating or drinking acidic products, don’t brush your teeth straight away as this can remove the softened tooth layer. Instead, rinse your mouth with water and wait one hour before brushing.
- Have regular check-ups with your oral health professional.
The Oral Health CRC is a consortium of university and industry partners based at the University of Melbourne and supported by the Australian Government’s Department of Industry, Innovation and Science. The centre carries out world-class scientific and clinical research to advance the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of oral diseases.
About University of Melbourne Dental School Doctor of Dental SurgeryThe Melbourne Dental School offers the Doctor of Dental Surgery program which incorporates all aspects related to the provision of advanced general dental care to patients as well as teaches students to prepare, develop, execute and write for publication a small research project.
Program: Doctor of Dental Surgery (DDS)
Location: Melbourne, Victoria
Next available intake: February 2017
Duration: 4 years
To be eligible to apply for the Melbourne DDS program, eligible applicants must have
- successfully completed an undergraduate degree in any discipline at a recognized international university within the past 10 years;
- completed prerequisite second-year subjects (one semester each) in human anatomy, human physiology and biochemistry (approved by Melbourne);
- completed an entrance examination: either the Canadian DAT or US DAT. Please note that the carving portion of the Canadian DAT is not required for Melbourne Dental School; however, if you have completed the carving section of the test, this score will be considered. Test scores will not be considered if the exam results are more than 2 years old. There is no minimum cutoff GPA or DAT score for this program; however, a high level of academic standard is required for entry.